No, Grant Shapps didn’t promise to scrap the Northern Rail franchise

A train approaches Manchester Airport, 2015. Sadly not a Northern one, but still. Image: Getty.

I was slightly dreading the return to work this morning. Weren’t we all, of course, but I was dreading it partly for my own extra esoteric reason. The first working day of the year is the day on which I need to write the “here’s what today’s rail fare rises mean” piece. This is inevitably exactly the same as the last three “here’s what today’s rail fare rises mean” pieces only with some slightly different numbers, and trying to think of something even remotely new to say was starting to make my teeth itch.

Today, however, I’ve been spared all that, very possibly on purpose (more on that below). Northern Rail, the Arriva-owned operator responsible for most of the north’s rail network, has performed absolutely abysmally over the last few years: timetable changes resulting in chaos, services cancelled in huge numbers, no end in sight, and so forth. This morning, on BBC Breakfast television – a place where, vexingly, we are going to have to get used to ministers making news now they’ve decided to ignore the Today Programme – transport secretary Grant Shapps strongly implied that he wanted to take its franchise away. Here’s the key quote:

It’s completely unacceptable to have a situation where trains just almost routinely don’t run to a routine, don’t run on time. I simply will not put up with that, and I’ve already kicked off that process and I’ll be saying more about it very soon... I will absolutely bring that situation to an end.

At that point, BBC Breakfast presenter Charlie Stayt pushed him on exactly what he meant, asking: “Are you saying your intention as TS is to remove the franchise from NR?” Shapps responded:

That’s right. In the autumn I wrote to necessary parties in this with what’s called a “request for proposal” – that’s simply where you say I’m going to take action. There are couple of ways that can go – one is to strip the franchise, one is to have a short-term contract. But yes, exactly as you’ve said, I’m simply not prepared to have the service on Northern to carry on as it is and I’m taking action.

The interview is being reported with headlines like (this from the Mirror) “Northern Rail set to be stripped of franchise after years of poor performance”. That’s probably over-stating things. That could happen – but there are legal hoops to be jumped through and other ways this could end, such as a short-term management contract, in which Northern is paid a set fee for a specific service, essentially giving the Department for Transport a greater level of control.

What’s more, the process Shapps describes actually began in October – and while this does seem to be a ramping up of the rhetoric, he didn’t explicitly say, for example, “I will kill that lousy rail franchise if it’s the last thing that I do”. (Politicians please note: I am available for freelance speech-writing.) The fact he choose to say it today might thus mean, as the RMT union suggested this morning, that the whole affair is intended to distract us from, well, the rail fare rises I’m not writing about right now.

Three other thoughts. Firstly, Northern is not the only iffy rail operator in the north: some key east-west services are provided by FirstGroup’s TransPennine Express. That’s also been doing a pretty poor job – which is why Henri Murison, director of the Northern Powerhouse Partnership thinktank, earlier called on Shapps to begin the franchise review process there too.

Secondly, it’s not obvious that a change in operator will make as big a difference as passengers might hope. There are structural constraints on the network, due to things like limited capacity at key stations or on key sections of track, or shortages of staff or trains. Some of those things could be alleviated by better management. Others will take money. Others still will require complicated engineering work that will take an annoyingly long time. So sacking Northern Rail may be a good thing, but that doesn’t mean it will magically sort out the north’s rail network.

Thirdly: Labour metro mayors Andy Burnham and Steve Rotheram have been calling for Northern to be stripped of its franchise for some time. They, though, don’t have the power to make that happen. Shapps does. The political imperative to move on this, in a “tanks on Labour’s lawn” kind of way, is obvious – which just makes it more baffling that Shapps’ famously competent predecessor Chris Grayling never even tried.

Oh, and those rail fares? They’re up by an average of 2.7 per cent, which is very slightly lower than the 3.1 per cent they went up last year and the 3.4 per cent they went up the year before. If you want to know what blog I would have written about them, here’s 2018’s. I would appreciate it if you stopped reading before the bit in which I suggest the problem could cost the government votes, however.

Jonn Elledge is the editor of CityMetric. He is on Twitter as @jonnelledge and on Facebook as JonnElledgeWrites


Here’s a fantasy metro network for Birmingham & the West Midlands

Birmingham New Street. Image: Getty.

Another reader writes in with their fantasy transport plans for their city. This week, we’re off to Birmingham…

I’ve read with interest CityMetric’s previous discussion on Birmingham’s poor commuter service frequency and desire for a “Crossrail” (here and here). So I thought I’d get involved, but from a different angle.

There’s a whole range of local issues to throw into the mix before getting the fantasy metro crayons out. Birmingham New Street is shooting up the passenger usage rankings, but sadly its performance isn’t, with nearly half of trains in the evening rush hour between 5pm and 8pm five minutes or more late or even cancelled. This makes connecting through New Street a hit and, mainly, miss affair, which anyone who values their commuting sanity will avoid completely. No wonder us Brummies drive everywhere.

There are seven local station reopening on the cards, which have been given a helping hand by a pro-rail mayor. But while these are super on their own, each one alone struggles to get enough traffic to justify a frequent service (which is key for commuters); or the wider investment needed elsewhere to free up more timetable slots, which is why the forgotten cousin of freight gets pushed even deeper into the night, in turn giving engineering work nowhere to go at all.

Suburban rail is the less exciting cousin of cross country rail. But at present there’s nobody to “mind the gap” between regional cross-country focussed rail strategy , and the bus/tram orientated planning of individual councils. (Incidentally, the next Midland Metro extension, from Wednesbury to Brierley Hill, is expected to cost £450m for just 11km of tram. Ouch.)

So given all that, I decided to go down a less glamorous angle than a Birmingham Crossrail, and design a Birmingham  & Black Country Overground. Like the London Overground, I’ve tried to join up what we’ve already got into a more coherent service and make a distinct “line” out of it.

Click to expand. 

With our industrial heritage there are a selection of old alignments to run down, which would bring a suburban service right into the heart of the communities it needs to serve, rather than creating a whole string of “park & rides” on the periphery. Throw in another 24km of completely new line to close up the gaps and I’ve run a complete ring of railway all the way around Birmingham and the Black Country, joining up with HS2 & the airport for good measure – without too much carnage by the way of development to work around/through/over/under.

Click to expand. 

While going around with a big circle on the outside, I found a smaller circle inside the city where the tracks already exist, and by re-creating a number of old stations I managed to get within 800m of two major hospitals. The route also runs right under the Birmingham Arena (formerly the NIA), fixing the stunning late 1980s planning error of building a 16,000 capacity arena right in the heart of a city centre, over the railway line, but without a station. (It does have two big car parks instead: lovely at 10pm when a concert kicks out, gridlocks really nicely.)

From that redraw the local network map and ended up with...

Click to expand. 

Compare this with the current broadly hub-and-spoke network, and suddenly you’ve opened up a lot more local journey possibilities which you’d have otherwise have had to go through New Street to make. (Or, in reality, drive.) Yours for a mere snip at £3bn.

If you want to read more, there are detailed plans and discussion here (signup required).