The mayor of Tower Hamlets on why London’s councils need power to crack down on rogue developers

The two faces of Tower Hamlets: The Robin Hood Housing Estate and Canary Wharf in 2008. Image: Getty.

The Labour mayor of Tower Hamlets on the problem of rogue developers.

A council’s relationship with property developers is always tricky. On the one hand, government cuts to council budgets have meant deals with developers are often the only game in town when it comes to delivering the house building numbers we need to solve the housing crisis. On the other, that gives developers significant power to try and negotiate down levels of affordable housing and increase their profit margins.

For Tower Hamlets council, our focus is on delivering homes which are genuinely affordable to local people. Whilst we have ambitious plans to build new affordable council homes ourselves in the coming years, we also rely on maximising the amount of affordable housing being included in new schemes by developers. Developers, on the other hand, are private companies ultimately focused on their profit margins.

Managing that tricky relationship, balancing very different priorities, is always going to be hard – but it’s in both sides’ interest. That’s why, when developers do cross the line, we must come down hard on them.

Last week was one of those occasions, when overnight a developer illegally demolished three Conservation Area Victorian cottages on the Isle of Dogs. Despite having had requests to demolish them rejected, the owners of the land literally ploughed ahead at the weekend when officials weren’t watching.

The homes, which had survived the Blitz, are now reduced to rubble. For our part the council are looking at all legal options available, including rebuilding these cottages brick by brick – but it opens up a broader question about how development works in our city.

Whilst rogue demolitions are a first for Tower Hamlets, it’s not unheard of. Last year, the Carlton Tavern, a historic pub in Maida Vale was illegally levelled by developers. The Council ordered it to be rebuilt but the developers ignored the ruling in the end, forcing the secretary of state to set up a public enquiry which ruled the developers should rebuild the site.

London is one of the fastest changing cities in the world, with my borough of Tower Hamlets home to massive amounts of development. To make that work we need constructive and respectful relationships between councils, developers and local people. We might not always agree – but more often than not we should be able to strike a balance.

The mayor of London has talked a lot about punishing rogue landlords; we might consider extending that to developers too. I’d like to see action to crack down on bad practice, potentially banning rogue developers from acquiring planning permission on sites they have cleared illegally, but that would require a change in legislation.

To make development work for the capital, we need it to be done in partnership with local people, not bulldozed through in secret.

John Biggs is the Labour mayor of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.


Can you have capitalism without capital? Brighton, Ankara, Ghent and the intangible economy

The Fusebox, Brighton. Image: WiredSussex.

As you head north out of Brighton on the A23 things take a distinctly granular turn. The cool bars and trendy eateries give way to second-hand shops and nail bars.

Looming over the area, New England House, an eight-storey brutalist office block, is home to Wired Sussex, a collection of digital and media companies, as well as its offshoot The Fusebox. Here, a collection of entrepreneurs, tech visionaries and creative technologists are seeking to transform their ideas into successful businesses. This island of cutting-edge thinking, surrounded by the evidence of the glaring consequences of austerity, could stand as a synecdoche for the suddenly vogueish concept of the “intangible economy”.

Towards the end of last year, on Radio 4’s Start The Week, Jonathan Haskel, author of Capitalism Without Capital, laid out the features of this brave new economy. The ideas are scalable, have sunk costs, their benefits spill over, and they have synergies with other intangible assets. All of these things are, to a greater or lesser extent, attributes featured in the virtual reality games, apps for care home workers, and e-commerce ideas mapped out by the bright sparks in the Fusebox.

Its manager, Rosalie Hoskins, explains that it exists to support the work of small companies doing creative work. Within these clean white walls they can bounce their ideas off each other and reap the fruits of collaboration. “We’ll provide the doors,” she says. But “it’s up to them to open them.”

One innovative thinker hoping to make her entrance is Maf’j Alvarez. She tells me she studied for a masters in digital media arts at the University of Brighton, and describes herself as an ‘interactive artist’. “Right now I am playing with virtual reality,” she tells me. “There’s a lot of physics involved in the project which explores weight and light. It definitely has a practical application and commercial potential. VR can be used to help people with dementia and also as a learning tool for young people.”

The Fusebox, she says, is “about collaboration. The residents of the Fusebox are in all a similar situation.”

The willingness to work together, identified by Haskell as a key element of the intangible economy, is evident in the Fusebox’s partnership with like minded innovators in Ankara. Direnç Erşahin from İstasyon, a centre for “social incubation” based in the Turkish capital, visited the Fusebox toward the end of last year.

“It was a good opportunity to exchange knowledge about the practice of running a creative hub – managing the place, building a community and so on,” he says.

Erşahin and his colleagues have launched a fact-checking platform – – which he believes will provide “access to true information”. The co-operation between the Fusebox in Brighton and İstasyon in Ankara  is “a good opportunity to reinforce a data-oriented approach and university and society interaction,” he argues.

But the interaction between wider society and the denizens of the intangible world is often marked by friction and, ironically, a failure of communication.

This point is underlined by Aral Balkan, who runs a company called which aims to develop ethical technologies. “There’s a good reason we have a trust problem,” he says. “It’s because people in mainstream technology companies have acted in ways that have violated our trust. They have developed systems that prey upon individuals rather than empowering them.”

A former Brighton resident, Balkan is almost a walking definition of Theresa May’s “citizen of nowhere”. He is a regular speaker on the TED and digital circuits, and I crossed paths frequently with him when I covered the industry for Brighton’s local newspaper. He left the city last year, chiefly, he tells me, in protest over the UK government’s overweening “snooper’s charter” laws.

He has Turkish and French citizenship and is now based in Malmö, Sweden, while working with the city of Ghent on a radical redevelopment of the internet. “Ghent is a beautiful example of how location affects the work,” he tells me. “They don’t want to be a smart city, they want to encourage smart citizens. We are exploring alternatives.”

Karl-Filip Coenegrachts, chief strategy officer at the City of Ghent, is another believer in the synergies made possible by the intangible economy. “The historic perspective has impacted on the psychology and DNA of the city,” he says. “The medieval castle built to protect the nobility from the citizens not the other way around. People in Ghent want to have their say.”

Left out of this perspective, of course, are those who cannot make their voice heard or who feel they are being ignored. The fissures are easy to find if you look. The future of Belgium’s coalition government, for example, is threatened by Flemish nationalists in the wake of a scandal over the forced repatriation of 100 Sudanese migrants. In Ankara, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has purged local government and continues to stamp on any dissent.

In the UK, the gig economy makes headlines for all the wrong reasons. Back in the area around the Fusebox, the sharp observer will notice, alongside the homeless people curled up in sleeping bags in charity shop doorways, a stream of gig-worker bikers zooming from one order to another.

The intangible economy throws up all-too tangible downsides, according to Maggie Dewhurst, vice chair at the Independent Workers Union of Great Britain. She gives short shrift to the idea of ‘capitalism without capital’.

“It does get a bit irritating when they muddy the waters and use pseudo academic definitions. They pretend tangible assets don’t exist or are free.”

In fact, she adds, “The workers are a human resource.”