“The place-makers no one ever talks about”: an ode to the corner shop

A corner shop in Hornchurch, east London. Image: Getty.

When I think of all the different places I’ve lived, the first things I remember are my local newsagents. When I was younger and living with a somewhat chaotic life at home, I spent as much time out of the house as possible, usually hanging around outside a local row of shops with my friends under the watchful eyes of the shopkeepers at the paper shop and the convenience shop next door.

This paper shop gave me my first taste of independence when they gave me a paper round: my own money for sweets and Smash Hits which I’d spend before Saturday even came around. After a bad day at school I’d stop into the same shop and console myself with a big bag of crisps and a can of coke before facing going home.

When I was a bit older and unemployed, the only contact I had with the outside world for days on end was the newsagents over the road, where i bought packets of pasta for lunch or a snack to break up the day. These types of shops have provided me with samosas on my way home from work late at night, and Lucozade and chocolate bars that provided a respite from essay writing at uni, not to mention electricity and gas on my token to keep me warm in winter.     

There are tens of thousands of newsagents and similar small shops up and down the UK, all with similar, familiar characteristics, but all of them unique in their own way. They are a welcome break from the monotony of small supermarkets where you’ll find pretty much the same offerings no matter which city you’re in and which remain unchanged with the passage of time.

Newsagents and similar smaller shops are different. You go in never knowing which new flavour of drinks or crisps you might find in there. And they’re better able to respond directly to the needs of the local community making them completely of the place they are based. I’ve just got back from the Scottish island of Islay where their newsagent at first looked like any other on the mainland – until, that is, I saw the range of fishing hooks nestled alongside their unusually large selection of fancy soft drinks. 


Their customers tend to be diverse too. There aren’t enough places left in our cities that can be and are used by a wide range of people, but newsagents are one of those places. The shop across the road from the Civic Centre in Southampton has residents buying their daily newspapers, local government officers and councillors grabbing a sandwich or coffee before a meeting, and visitors to the city often asking for directions to the train station. My boss once told me a story about how he ended up behind Harold Wilson in a queue to buy a newspaper on the Isles of Scilly. 

Why have I been motivated to write this niche ode to newsagents? Because newsagents are the place- makers that no one ever really talks about when they talk about placemaking. They are part of what makes our urban spaces liveable, part of the delicate balance of how we use cities day in day out. But they are unfortunately dying out – and many that remain are struggling to survive. 

Part of the problem is the decline in print media, which will of course be having an effect on shops that were originally set up to provide people with their daily news. But the problem also lies in how we are regenerating, rebuilding and planning our cities today. Regeneration happens through bigger scale developments that are carefully planned out with chains in mind. Lip service is paid to the idea of “mixed use”, as every development provides retail units under blocks of flats and near housing – but these units are on a scale only suited to bigger businesses. We are getting rid of the types of low rent spaces that newsagents pop up in. 

I’m not someone who thinks chains have no place at all in our towns and cities. They often provide food, either to cook at home or to eat in a restaurant, at a price that makes eating well a lot cheaper. But they aren’t going to let you off with 20p if you’ve not got enough for milk that day. Mix is important. We need these small spaces that encourage conversation, where someone would notice if you stopped coming in for a while. Places where the person running the shop lives nearby and understands the nuances of a community. These are the places that are being planned out of our cities and towns – and that’s not good for healthy urban living.

 
 
 
 

Five ways in which the rest of the world can avoid the homelessness crisis plaguing the US

Housing for all. Image: Nicobobinus/Flickr/creative commons.

Homelessness is a growing problem in the UK, where the number of people sleeping rough has doubled since 2010, yet it is dwarfed by the scale of the issue in the US. More than 500,000 homeless were found across the US during just one night, compared to the UK’s 2017 count of 4,751. Changes in the definition of homelessness and flawed methodologies suggest that the true number for the US could be anywhere from 2.5 to 10.2 times greater.

Millions more live in overcrowded or slum housing, forced to choose between the damage that poor conditions do to their physical and mental health, and the street. All of the US’s housing issues – from foreclosures to evictions to poor conditions – hit communities of colour the hardest.

This is due to a legacy of discrimination, which continues to undercut any commitment to safe and decent housing for all residents, whether in the private or public sector. In my recent book, City of Segregation, I explain how the long, violent history of creating spaces for the white and privileged classes is embedded in a number of practices, which continue in US cities to this day.

Exporting inequality

As private developers and investors seek out urban land in major cities around the world to secure their fortunes, real estate patterns and practices developed within the US are increasingly being observed elsewhere.

In cities as diverse as London, Sydney and Durban, community groups which have been working for decades to improve their neighbourhoods languish with little public or private resource. Meanwhile, developers create spaces for foreign investors and new residents, who anticipate certain protections and privileges such as greater security, high quality amenities and neighbours with similar interests and backgrounds.

This is a driving force behind rising evictions and the criminalisation of homelessness, alongside gated communities, hostile architecture, “broken windows” policing with its focus on prosecuting activities such as graffiti or jaywalking and the growing privatisation of public spaces through regeneration.

But there is still time for other countries to choose a different path. The UK, in particular, can build on the legacies of the post-war political consensus that all residents should have access to quality housing, and its acknowledgement of institutional racism and some history of government anti-racist campaigning.

Both legacies should be improved, but a renewed commitment to a programme of housing and anti-racism are central to increasing equality, prosperity and well-being for all. Based on my research, I’ve come up with five steps which the UK and countries like it can follow, to ensure that future development reduces – rather than drives – homelessness and inequality.


1. Build social housing

Unlike the US, the UK acknowledges a right to a home, and within living memory provided it for a huge swathe of British society. Social housing – whether in the form of traditional council flats, cooperatives or community land trusts – provides a variety of housing types and keeps rents from rising too far beyond wages.

When social housing is widely available, it makes a huge difference to people who – for one reason or another, and often through no fault of their own – become homeless. With social housing to fall back on, homelessness is a temporary condition which can be safely resolved. Without it, homelessness can become a life-destroying downwards spiral.

2. Preserve and expand community assets

Severe segregation in the US stripped entire communities of access to quality food, jobs, education, green spaces, services, banks and loans. Poverty is endemic, and can easily tip into homelessness. While far from perfect, the UK’s post-war commitment to universal provision of services, such as education and health care, and building social housing across all neighbourhoods underpinned a surge in upward mobility.

This achievement should be salvaged from the damage done by Right To Buy – a policy which sold off social housing without replacing it – and austerity, which has prompted a sell-off of public assets and land, as well as the closure of childrens’ services, libraries and community centres.

3. Decommodify housing

A market geared towards building apartment blocks for the portfolios of investors who will never live in them cannot produce the kind of housing and neighbourhoods which residents need, much less at a price they can afford.

While London has been badly affected for some time, this trend is now spreading to other areas of the UK and Europe. Local and national governments must act to prevent global demand for housing as investments from driving prices beyond the reach of those who need real homes.

4. Build communities, not walls

Gates, bars, armed security and homeowner restrictions are all ugly traits of private housing developed within the US context of desperate inequality and racism. The UK has a long and vibrant tradition of community development, creating a supportive built environment and social infrastructure of schools, libraries and other municipal services for residents.

Community assets. Image: Helen K/Flickr/creative commons.

This kind of development, and the social mobility and growing equality it fosters, safeguards public health and safety – not big walls, barbed wire and security guards. The private rented sector in the UK should be regulated to bring it more in line with Europe, where tenants prosper with security of tenure and strong regulation of rents and rent increases.

5. Raise your voice

Those who are bearing the brunt of our current housing crisis must be at the centre of efforts to change it. From tenants’ associations and renters’ unions, to campaign groups such as Justice for Grenfell, it’s vital to support those voices advocating fairer housing rights.

This also means rejecting austerity’s constant cuts to public services, funding social support for physical and mental health and ensuring that homes are safe, decent and secure, to create a safety net for those who are working to improve their communities.

The Conversation

Andrea Gibbons, Researcher in Sustainable Housing and Urban Studies, University of Salford.

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.